PHILOSOPHY PATHWAYS ISSN 2043-0728
Issue No. 204 16th September 2016
Edited by Eric George
I. 'Ross Contra Dillard' by Matthew Su
II. 'Is it Immoral to Kill Animals?' by Wyle Tan
III. 'Desensitization from a Gra(e)y Morality: A Rejoinder to Ole Martin Moen's Philosophical Review of 50 Shades of Grey' by Ivan Brian L. Inductivo
From the List Manager
IV. Ask a Philosopher: Call for Authors
V. More Kindle News
Morality and the mind, very profound topics for philosophical investigation and reflection, indeed for this issue of Philosophy Pathways we have one essay on the philosophy of mind and two essays to do with morality, all of which are from three very capable philosophers and from differing angles. When academic thinkers have something of an intellectual sparring match between each other on a given subject, it is always interesting to obtain a third party opinion on the crossing of swords of such erudite champions. Interesting because, depending on whether this third party opinion is lent in support of one or the other champions, does much to truly offer some sort of extra layer of well-informed judgement on why one champion or the other is striking, parrying well enough or... isn't [...]
(c) Eric George 2016
About the editor: https:---
I. 'ROSS CONTRA DILLARD' BY MATTHEW SU
James Ross's argument from determinacy to the immateriality of some aspects of thought, is an oft-neglected member of the family of arguments which draw immaterialist conclusions about the nature of the mind. Rather than seeking an immaterialist account of 'qualia' (i.e., the non-quantitative aspects of the world), or of intentionality (the capacity of thought to be "about" something else), Ross's argument focuses on the 'determinacy' of thought- its capacity to think about and carry out particular formal functions. His argument that thought is determinate where no physical system can be has roots in classical Platonist and Aristotelian accounts of the intellect, but Ross motivates his argument by reference to modern sceptical puzzles. This paper will set out the argument and affirm Ross's conclusion. Two main objections by Peter Dillard to Ross's argument will be considered: first, that Ross does not show formal thinking to be necessarily determinate, because alternatives are possible; second, that Ross has not shown thought, even if it is 'indeterminate,' to be genuinely sui generis and thus Ross does not demonstrate that thought is immaterial. I argue that each of these arguments fails [...]
(c) Matthew Su 2016
II. 'IS IT IMMORAL TO KILL ANIMALS?' BY WYLE TAN
In recent years numerous questions were raised about the morality of killing and eating animals. Do animals have right to live and not made to suffer? Should people stop eating animal meat? Should laws be enacted to protect animal rights? This essay suggests the following two theses. 1) Animal rights arguments are not logically conclusive, 2) Someone may develop reasons in the future, but for now, there is no morally compelling reason to stop eating animal meat. I shall address various major arguments for animal rights and their weaknesses [...]
(c) Wyle Tan 2014-6
III. 'DESENSITIZATION FROM A GRA(E)Y MORALITY: A REJOINDER TO OLE MARTIN MOEN'S PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW OF 50 SHADES OF GREY' BY IVAN BRIAN L. INDUCTIVO
50 Shades of Grey has provided the public a "peep" on the enterprise of BDSM (Bondage and Discipline with Sadism and Masochism). Print and big screen depiction of BDSM is not an entirely novel as a topic for quite a many as interminable as other morally disturbing dilemma and realities. However, it has become a recent hype which tends to question the way we look, understand, and even subtly or largely accept this theme. As Prof. Ole Martin Moen's statement, "it seeks to challenge common stereotypes". Although at the end, he revoke by stating that it is yet to be made clear. Nonetheless, it triggered the way many of us think of convention, power neutrality of relationships, moral and psychological perception to deviancies, just to name a few. But what is more alarming and why philosophers ought to poke their noses on this topic are the ethical implications of the public's reception of the story, i.e., how the story may potentially desensitizes the public from BDSM. This paper intends to be a rejoinder, not much of a reply to an argument but a continuing philosophical review initiated by Prof. Ole Martin Moen on his article on 50 Shades of Grey [..]
(c) Ivan Brian L. Inductivo 2016
IV. ASK A PHILOSOPHER: CALL FOR AUTHORS
On 3rd September, the following announcement was posted on the Philosophy e-list Philos-L moderated by Professor Stephen Clark at Liverpool University:
I am pleased to report that 'Ask a Philosopher' launched in
1999 is still going strong. We are currently looking for new
Panel members become authors of the Ask a Philosopher blog
You will need to have, or create a Wordpress account. Once
you have joined the blog, you are free to post answers at
One nice feature of this system is that you can reblog your
answers on your own Wordpress blog.
Questions can be accessed by solving a simple puzzle here:
When you have got past our spam filter, click the link
'View Questions'. You can bookmark this page so that it
isn't necessary to repeat the process ad nauseam.
That's all there is to it. Questions and answers are
moderated. We are not above ruffling a few feathers or
causing moderate offence, but generally a polite response
to what might seem a silly or badly thought out question
usually works best.
I look forward to hearing from you!
Pathways to Philosophy
In response to the Philos-L post, three academic philosophers have joined the Ask a Philosopher Panel:
Paul Fagan holds a PhD from the University of Hull. His interests include political philosophy and environmental philosophy. He is a member of the Society for Applied Philosophy. Prior to becoming a philosopher Paul worked in business.
Sara L. Uckelman is a lecturer in philosophy at Durham University. Her research interests include logic and philosophy of language.
Billy Wheeler is currently Teaching Fellow in the Science and Technology Studies department, University College London, and Head of the Department for Philosophy and Religion at King Edward VI Grammar School, Essex.
I very much hope that more will join Ask a Philosopher. The normal minimum qualification is a BA in Philosophy. There is no maximum qualification!
In the light of the high quality of the University of London International Programme for BA (Hons) in Philosophy, students who have successfully completed at least one year of study are also welcome to apply to join the Ask a Philosopher Panel.
Please write to the moderator of Ask a Philosopher, Geoffrey Klempner, at email@example.com.
(c) Geoffrey Klempner 2016
V. MORE KINDLE NEWS
Following the publication of Philosophizer on Kindle (http:---) announced in Issue 203 of Philosophy Pathways, two more Kindle eBooks by Geoffrey Klempner have appeared:
First published in 1994, Naive Metaphysics tackles one of the fundamental questions of philosophy: what kind of fact is it that I am here, now, in a world Ñ when I (seemingly) might not have existed at all? What is it to be a subject facing out onto a world which contains other similar subjects?
Naive Metaphysics: a theory of subjective and objective worlds
Submitted to the University of Oxford for the D.Phil in 1982, The Metaphysics of Meaning is still arguably ahead of its time -- in its radical critique of theories of meaning and the proposal of an alternate 'dialectics' of language, its interpretation of the philosophies of Kant and Wittgenstein, and the treatment of realism about truth and meaning as a 'metaphysical illusion'.
The Metaphysics of Meaning
Meanwhile, reviews of Philosophizer by Philosophy Pathways contributors D.R. Khashaba and Richard Schain have appeared on Amazon UK and US.
D.R. Khashaba writes:
Here is philosophy with a difference. At the heart of
Klempner's amazing book is the problem of problems: What is
it to be? Parmenides some twenty-six centuries ago summed up
all we can say about Reality in the little word esti, it is.
Klempner formulates the problem in the quaintly sounding
'What is is?' Here then we have the gist of all
metaphysics. But rather than a cold, parched sequence of
deductive arguments we find ourselves regaled with live,
throbbing confrontations with the puzzles of being in
contemplations, thought experiments, and reminiscences. I
pick up a few of the chapter headings to indicate how
variegated the approach is, how rich the fare. 'I exist
therefore what?', 'The dark side of life', 'Return of the
evil demon', 'Photography as metaphysics' (which I
particularly found inspiring), 'Herr Doktor Faust', etc.,
etc. The reader is not faced with finished doctrines or
theories but is constantly challenged to wonder and to
puzzle, which is the best a philosophy book can do.
Richard Schain writes:
This writing represents an entirely new way of presenting
the perennial 'questions' of philosophy. It might be
compared to James Joyce's impact on literature with the
publication of 'Ulysses,' Jack Kerouac with 'On The Road,'
or even Plato's use of dialogues to express his ideas. The
work is presented as a stream of consciousness stemming
from Klempner's interior self searching for 'reality'
(truth, meaning). As he himself proclaims, he 'is singing
his heart out.' Given the author's vast erudition in
philosophy, his experiences as a teacher and editor, and
his participation in a diverse range of arts such as
photography, music, and more, the end result of his writing
is quite remarkable. No one who is familiar with Geoffrey
Klempner's past career would have expected him to produce
such a barrier-breaking work. Moreover, the style is
consistent and larded with restrained humor; he handles the
most abstruse philosophical topics in a manner accessible to
general readers. However, it needs to be read slowly in
order to intelligently absorb the contents. A familiarity
with the icons of western philosophy is helpful.
'Philosophizer' illustrates a principle I have maintained
for years, that philosophy is an art form where the ideas
are the art. Klempner shows himself with this book to be a
master of the philosophic form of literary art.
-- Coming from Independent Philosophers for whom I have the highest respect, these responses are extremely gratifying.
If you would like to receive a free review copy in MOBI or PDF format of any of my three Kindle eBooks, please write to me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
(c) Geoffrey Klempner 2016